The global pressure to address climate issues had led the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (1992) in drafting global policies on climate change. It aims to prevent dangerous interference with the climate system. The Kyoto Protocol (1995) creation legally binds developed member countries to abide by the emission reduction targets. During the Paris agreement (2015), the member countries reached a landmark agreement to accelerate and intensify the actions and investment needed for a sustainable low carbon future.
The most important point in this agreement is to keep the global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius. The Climate Action Summit (2019) has brought world leaders, the private sector, and civil society together for another meeting on accelerating climate action. The summit focused on the primary sectors where steps can significantly differ, such as nature-based solutions, energy, cities, resilience, and climate finance.
The leaders were required to report their achievements when they convened in 2020 for the UN climate conference. With all these talks, agreements, and commitments on climate change, we just hope that over the next year, people will see a positive change (source:UN.org)